acta satech Journal of the Life & Physical Sciences Babcock

Treatment adherence and risk of non-compliance among hypertensives at a Teaching Hospital in Ogun state, southwest Nigeria
* Nnodimele Onuigbo Atulomah, Olanrewaju Motunrayo Florence and Akinbolajo Oluwatosin
Department of Public and Allied Health, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.
2010

ABSTRACT
The level of medication adherence of hypertensives and the attendant risks of non compliance were studied in a University teaching hospital in Ogun state. The study was a cross-sectional design utilizing a pretested 35-item questionnaire (Cronbach’s alpha of 0.781) to collect information about perceived severity and threat to life from poor treatment response and medication adherence in hypertensives. One hundred and three participants were enrolled for the study by systematic random selection of patients attending the outpatient clinic. Results indicated that 56(54.4%) Males and 47(45.6%) females with mean age 62.6 ± 12.19 years participated in the study. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure of 155.2 ± 16.3 and 99.2 ± 8.78 mm of Hg were recorded. Perception of risk of complications from poor treatment measured on a 30-point scale recorded a mean score of 22.63 ± 4.47 and treatment adherence measured on a 42-point scale similarly recorded a mean score of 29.12 ± 5.70 representing, representing 69.3% adherence rate for the participants in the study. There was no significant difference in measures of adherence to treatment and perception of risk of poor treatment recorded between males and females. The findings suggest that the adherence rate in this study was unacceptably low and require stimulation through appropriate health promotion intervention to improve treatment outcomes.
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