acta satech Journal of the Life & Physical Sciences Babcock

Analysis of Food Security Status of Farming Households in Osun State, Nigeria
(1)P. O. Agbola, (2)P. M. Kormawa & (3)G. O. Tayo
(1) Department of Agriculture Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. (2) International Institure of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria. (3) Department of Agriculture, Babcock Univeristy, Ilishan-Remo, Nigeria
Received December 2nd 2003, revised version received February 9th, 2004, accepted February 18th, 2004

ABSTRACT
With the recent efforts of the Nigerian government to enhance food security and eliminate hunger through planning and action programmes at the community level, determining the food security status of the households will provide an indispensable tool for assessment and planning. This study measures the food security status of farming households in Osun State, Nigeria. It determines the extent of insecurity among the food insecure households and identifies causes of food insecurity in the area. Data were collected from 400 farming households in the state using a multi-stage stratified random sampling technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive analysis and the cost of calorie (COC) function. A food poverty line of N2143.47 (U. S. .10) per month was estimated, which gives the cost of obtaining the recommended minimum daily per capital calorie intake of 2250 kcal. The calorific measurement of food security reveals that 39% of the households are food secure while 61% are food insecure, subsisting on inadequate nutrition. It is recommended that food security strategies should be multi-pronged in order to achieve more than a marginal improvement in the well being of the rural households. Such strategies include the provision of food insecurity insurance such as the provision of income-earning opportunities and improved storage facilities. Also, conscious efforts must be geared toward the attainment of a production system that produces enough in the short run and sustainable in the long run.
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